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USS Enterprise CV-6
The Most Decorated Ship of the Second World War

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Operations Manual Chapter 12 - Fueling Ship

Operations Manual provided courtesy of CDR Art Burke (U.S.N. Ret).

  1. General
    1. The Fueling Bill is applicable whenever this vessel takes on board or discharges fuel or diesel oil. The use of the words "fueling" and "fuel oil" in the following articles shall be held to include diesel oil as well as fuel oil.
  2. Fueling in Port
    1. The Engineering Department under the supervision of the Engineering Officer shall conduct and shall be in charge of fueling ship. The duties consist of:
      1. Connecting and disconnecting oil hose, using hose from barge or tanker when practicable.
      2. Inspection of wire gauze protectors in fuel oil tank vents to insure they are intact and free from dirt or paint.
      3. Keeping the Officer of the Deck informed of the plans and progress of fueling.
      4. Inspection of spaces adjacent to fuel oil tanks being filled in order to prevent overflow of tanks and prevent damage from leaks during fueling.
  3. Deck divisions in whose part of the ship hose is to be connected shall, trice up or rig in gangways, provide and rig fenders over the ship's side, provide tackles, old canvas and a sea ladder, stand by mooring lines and assist in placing hose. Divisions to which compartments adjacent to fuel tanks are assigned shall inspect these compartments frequently during fueling.
  4. The Officer of the Deck shall:
    1. Keep himself informed of the fueling arrangements and probable connections to be used.
    2. Permit no airplane engines to be run on board during fueling.
    3. Before starting to fuel, have the smoking lamp out and airports closed on the side of the ship to which the barge or tanker is secured. At thirty-minute intervals during fueling have the word passed over all circuits of the general announcing system, "There is an oil barge (tanker) secured to the port (starboard) side. The smoking lamp is out."
    4. Require the chief master at arms and his assistants to patrol the ship to enforce the above instructions concerning smoking and airports and also to insure that no naked lights, or any operation of electrical apparatus liable to spark is permitted within fifty feet of an oil hose, tank, compartment containing a tank, or vent from a tank.
    5. Station six marine sentries, (three when taking on diesel oil), to patrol the main deck in the vicinity of the fuel oil tank vents to insure that no smoking, sparks or flames are permitted within the immediate vicinity of such vents.
    6. Host "BAKER" at the foretruck during fueling operations.
    7. Direct First Lieutenant to have the draft of the ship taken before and after fueling for entry in the log. Copy of such draft reports shall be furnished the log room for entry in the engineering log.
  5. There are seventeen fuel or diesel oil tank vents located on the main deck as follows:
    Location (frame)Heights of Outlet
    Above Deck
    Location (frame)Heights of Outlet
    Above Deck
     5410Fuel122 7Fuel
    54 10Fuel 1257Fuel
     6910Fuel 13410Diesel
    69 10Fuel134 7Diesel
    78 6Diesel 13810Fuel
     8910Fuel138 7Fuel
    89 10Fuel 15610Fuel
     1067Fuel156 10Fuel
    109 10Fuel 
  6. Fueling Ship from Tanker Alongside at Anchor
    1. General

      The following information and organization is applicable when ever this vessel takes on board fuel oil or gasoline from a Tanker alongside while ENTERPRISE is anchored.

      1. Whenever practicable ENTERPRISE will receive Tanker on port side.
      2. Coal Barge will be obtained and secured alongside for fender between ENTERPRISE and Tanker.
      3. Fuel oil connections as directed by the Engineer Officer will be used and for gasoline the connection at frame No. 55 will be used. Red flags will be displayed at all connections.
      4. ENTERPRISE provide Motor Launch to run mooring lines as required.
      5. Rig in Gangways, Antennas and Boat Booms.
      6. Hoist and two block "AFIRM" when ready to receive Tanker alongside.
    2. Special Duties
      1. Executive Officer-General charge of operations.
      2. First Lieutenant-Charge of rigging and securing coal barge, and of running and tending lines.
      3. Engineer Officer-Charge of transfer of fuel oil and of connecting and disconnecting fuel oil hose.
      4. Air Officer-Charge of transfer of gasoline, of connecting and disconnecting gasoline hose, and of manning communication facilities in connection with transfer of gasoline.
      5. Supply Officer-Make out necessary transfer papers.
      6. "E" Division Officer-Provide, connect up, and send over to Tanker Sound Powered telephones.
      7. Division Officers-Assist in rigging and tending lines as specified.
      8. Ship's Boatswain-Assist First Lieutenant, in charge of details of preparation.
    3. Divisional Duties

        Rig fenders and assist in securing coal barge. Take Tanker's lines to bitts and chocks on forecastle deck and station personnel at mooring pipes and gallery walkways. Stand by anchors and capstan.


        Rig fenders and assist in securing coal barge. Rig in gangways, take Tanker's lines to chocks and bitts between frames No. 70 and No. 130. Rig tackle, strap and ladder at fuel connection.


        Rig fenders and assist in securing coal barge. Rig in gangway, take Tanker's lines between frames No. 130 and stern, rig tackles, straps, etc. at after fueling station and man capstans at No. 4 Crane and fantail.

      4. V-1 DIVISION

        Provide personnel in Motor Launch to run Tanker's mooring lines.

      5. V-2 DIVISION

        Rig gear for transfer of gasoline and receive Tanker's lines between frames No. 55 and No. 70

      6. "K" DIVISION

        Rig in Antenna.

      7. "R" DIVISION

        Man anchor windlass and forecastle capstan controls

      8. 5th DIVISION

        Provide line throwing guns as directed.

    4. Upon completion of fueling stand by Tanker's lines, have coal barge returned to Navy Yard, lower gangways, trice up for change of draft and rig out boat booms.
  7. General

    The following information and organization is applicable whenever the ENTERPRISE takes on board fuel oil or gasoline from a Tanker alongside and both ships are underway.

    1. The Senior Officer of Ships engaged shall control the exercise.
    2. ENTERPRISE will tow the Tanker and shall pass the tow line and breast line.
    3. The Tanker will always have its rigging on the port side and will fuel starboard side of ENTERPRISE.
    4. The Tanker will rig and pass the fuel oil hoses and gasoline hose.
    5. Tanker will rig fenders as necessary.
    6. Two fuel oil connections at frame 90 and 129 starboard will be used. The forward fueling station will be located at frame 90 and the after fueling station at frame 106.
    7. The gasoline connection at frame 55 (starboard) will be used. The Gassing Station will be located at frame 70.
    8. Flags will be displayed from flight deck as follows.
      1. A red flag at frame 70, 90 and 106 starboard, to indicate fueling and gassing stations.
      2. A white flag to indicate position of the forward side of the Tanker's bridge.

    Since it requires about three hours for the Tanker to make up the rig for each boom (and an equal time to disassemble it) the officer scheduling the exercise must give adequate prior notice to the Tanker regarding rig desired (see Fuel Ships Booklet No. 375 717 in First Lieutenant's Office).

  8. Towline
    1. The tow line shall be made up as follows:

      One 1½" diameter wire rope pendant 125 feet long with 1¾" shackles, one twenty four inch snatch block and a ten inch Manila hawser runner, the effective length of towline to be approximately 250 to 300 feet.

    2. The eye of the Manila hawser will be placed over the forward starboard bitts and led out thru Chock No. 5, thru the 24 inch snatch block and in thru No. 7 Chock to starboard capstan and backed up on port bitts. The tow line will be secured on the Tanker at a point abreast frame 77 on the ENTERPRISE.
    3. Towline will be stopped outboard with light stops at intervals. A 5" Manila messenger 50 fathoms in length will be secured 6 feet from the after end of the wire rope pendant, stopped lightly to the end of pendant, and led aft to about frame 106 clear for running. To the free end of the messenger will be secured a 25 fathom length of 3 inch Manila and to the 3 inch is secured a heaving line. The heaving line is sent over by the line throwing gun.
    4. A 4 inch Manila line will be shackled to the upper middle edge of one cheek of the 24 inch snatch block for the double purpose of tending this block to prevent tumbling and consequent fouling of the Manila and to assist in retrieving the block upon completion of the exercise.
    5. After tow line is secured on the Tanker, the free end of the 5 inch messenger and hauling line will be returned to ENTERPRISE and rigged as a retriever.
  9. Breast Line
    1. ENTERPRISE will rig an 8 inch Manila line from bitts at frame 62, out thru the chock at frame 79, over the tow line to and thru a chock forward of the tow line on board Tanker. To the free end of the breast line will be secured a 3½ inch Manila messenger (30 fathoms) to which in turn is secured the heaving line. The heaving line is sent to Tanker by line throwing guns.
    2. The breast line is not intended as a riding line and should therefore be tended by the ENTERPRISE, being snubbed or made fast only in case of necessity.
    3. After all is secured, the free end of the 3½ inch messenger will be returned to the ENTERPRISE for use as a retrieving line.
  10. Fuel Oil Hose
    1. After the tow and spring lines are secured and ships are riding comfortable, the Tanker will send over, by line throwing gun, a heaving line to which is attached a 3½ inch Manila hose line. This hose line is secured about 15 feet inside the quick release coupling of the 6" fuel oil hose. With hauling part of the hose line, a clove hitch is cast near the end of the fuel hose. This permits, when the end of the hose reaches the ENTERPRISE, casting off the clove hitch, thus leaving the end of the hose unhampered for coupling up and at the same time providing a support for the hose. This hose line is led thru a snatch block above the fuel oil hose connections. As the ENTERPRISE takes a strain on the hose line the Tanker slacks away on her easing out line, controlling so that the hose does not touch the water.
    2. Stopped about 20 feet from the end of the easing out line is the bight line of 3½ inch Manila which is secured either to the bight saddle (or to the strain line if used). When the end of the bight line comes aboard the ENTERPRISE it is led to a snatch block about 25 feet above the main deck level in the vicinity of the fueling station. As the ENTERPRISE takes a strain on the bight line the Tanker slacks away on the easing out line. Both ships must work in close co-ordination to equalize strains and to keep the hose from entering the sea.
    3. Quick couplings, hose lines and bight lines must be constantly tended and let go with despatch in case of emergency. The position at which it is desired to receive these bight lines is indicated by the 2' x 2' red flags. Sufficient 6 inch standard fuel oil hose will be rigged from the after fueling connection frame 129 starboard inboard across No. 2 Elevator to the after fueling station at frame 106 starboard at which point the after fueling hose from the Tanker will be connected. The Tanker's forward fueling hose is directly abreast the fueling connection at frame 90 and as this is designated as the Forwarding Station, it will not be necessary to rig any 6" hose.
    4. Coupling will be made from flange to flange, the "quick coupling" provided being a safety device rather than a means of making a quick connection.
    5. The fuel oil filling and suction mains will be segregated in order that each fueling station hose will serve a separate internal filling system. The oil in tanks should be so disposed that the maximum rate of transfer of about 2500 barrels per hour per hose can be maintained.
  11. Gasoline Hose
    1. The 4" gasoline hose for transfer of gasoline from the Tanker to the ENTERPRISE is handled in the same manner as the fuel hose described above. The Gassing Station on the ENTERPRISE will rig 4" gasoline hose from the gasoline connection at frame 55 starboard aft to this station. This places the Gassing Station abreast the Tanker's Gassing Station. The bight line of the gasoline hose will be led to a lead block over the Gassing Station similar to the bight of the fuel oil hose.
    2. Ground wire must be provided.
  12. Miscellaneous
    1. As soon as practicable ENTERPRISE sends over to Tanker a light distant line. This line should be rigged to show distance between the sides of the ships. It will be marked with bunting as follows: 10 feet white (to be secured to Tankers rail); 50 feet red; 60 feet yellow; 70 feet blue; 80 feet white; 90 feet blue; 100 feet yellow; 110 feet red. The ENTERPRISE tends this line and the 2nd Division Officer keeps bridge informed as to the distance between ships.
  13. Ship Control Telephone Communication
    1. In the connection with passing of ship control telephones from the towing ship to the towed ship during fueling at sea operations, it is desired that a portable circuit be established for this purpose in lieu of utilizing the 1JV circuit of the towing vessel.
    2. Sound powered telephones are considered most suitable for this purpose. Each carrier provide two portable cords for connecting standard sound powered headsets. The portable cord should be of sufficient length to extend from the towing vessel's bridge to the towed vessel's bridge and be fitted at each end with a single outlet telephone jackbox. The telephone for the towed vessel should be passed over from the towing vessel.
    3. ENTERPRISE will send over to Tanker three sound powered telephones for connecting the Fueling Stations to Fueling Stations.
    4. ENTERPRISE will send over a gyro repeater to the bridge of the Tanker. This will reduce telephone conversation and will be a marked assistance in station keeping.
    5. After ships are steadied down, and if required, the transfer gear for stores, mail or personnel will be passed from frame 106.
  14. Procedure
    1. ENTERPRISE will select course and speed and inform Tanker of same. Course selected should be that which will place wind or sea about two points on ENTERPRISE'S bow. Speed should be approximately 8 knots.
    2. ENTERPRISE steady on course and speed. When settled down hoist "AFIRM" at the dip on the side rigged (starboard). When rigged and ready to receive the Tanker, two block "AFIRM".
    3. Tanker take station 600 yards astern of ENTERPRISE and check course and speed. When satisfied, hoist "AFIRM" at the dip on the rigged (port).
    4. After ENTERPRISE has two blocked "AFIRM", Tanker will two block "AFIRM" meaning, "I am starting my approach". Tanker will increase speed two to four knots and shear out slightly to come up alongside on a parallel course with about 60 feet between sides of the ships. Tanker will reduce speed to that specified at such time that she will ride properly into position.
    5. When stem of Tanker is abreast of frame 106 starboard, ENTERPRISE send over heaving line, towline messenger and towline in succession, casting loose lashings on towline as necessary.
    6. When towline is secured on Tanker, she will reduce speed a few turns at a time until a speed of one-half knot less than that set has been reached. Reducing speed too rapidly will place too great a strain on towline, bitts, etc.
    7. ENTERPRISE adjust length of towline and tend towline to prevent undue slack or excessive strain.
    8. ENTERPRISE, as soon as towline messenger is well in hand, send over heaving line, messenger and breast line in succession.
    9. ENTERPRISE tend breast line, snubbing or making fast only when ordered, but keeping slack out of the water.
    10. ENTERPRISE send over distant line as soon as practicable, also sound powered telephones and gyro repeater.
    11. When riding comfortable, and upon orders from ENTERPRISE, Tanker sends over by heaving line the fuel oil and gasoline hose hauling lines, and when these are in hand, the bight line.
    12. When coupled up and upon orders from ENTERPRISE, Tanker start pumper.
    13. Tanker will return free end of towline and breast line messengers to ENTERPRISE for use as retrievers.
    14. Weather permitting, increase speed to about 10 knots, increasing and decreasing speed should be undertaken in small increments, steadying at each step before further increase.
    15. Change course or zig zag as directed by ENTERPRISE. Change of course at the rate of 15 degrees per minute is feasible. ENTERPRISE should turn at a constant rate, the Tanker varying rudder angle to maintain relative position.
    16. Upon completion of fueling Tanker will put suction on the hose, or ENTERPRISE will blow out with air to free hose of fuel oil. Tanker will connect CO2 system to the gasoline hose and free hose of gasoline by blowing thru with CO2 gas.
    17. Cast off in reverse order of going alongside.
  15. Fueling Stations
    1. "Fueling Stations" are established on the ENTERPRISE as listed below. These stations are abreast Tanker's fueling connections and are the points where the hoses from Tanker are received on the ENTERPRISE and connected up. Hose must be rigged on the ENTERPRISE from permanent fueling connections to these "Fueling Stations", 4" for gasoline and 6" for fuel oil.
      1. Gassing Station frame 70 starboard.
      2. Forward Fueling Station frame 70 starboard.
      3. After Fueling Station frame 100 starboard.
  16. Special Duties
    1. Executive Officer-General charge of operations.
    2. First Lieutenant-Charge of rigging, running and tending lines.
    3. Engineer Officer-Charge of transfer of fuel oil, of connecting and disconnecting fuel oil hose and of manning communications facilities in connection with transfer of oil.
    4. Air Officer-Charge of transfer of gasoline, connecting and disconnecting gasoline hose and of manning communication facilities in connecting with transfer of gasoline.
    5. Supply Officer-Make out necessary transfer papers.
    6. "E" Division Officer-Provide, connect up and send over to Tanker sound powered telephones.
    7. "B" Division Officer-Turn fuel oil connection, frame 129, so flange is inboard. Provide, man and send over gyro repeater with sufficient lead from ENTERPRISE to the bridge of Tanker.
    8. Division Officers-Provide old canvas, assist in rigging fuel hose, and tending lines as hereinafter prescribed for each division.
    9. Ship's Boatswain-Shall be in charge of details for preparations and shall take charge of operations as directed by the First Lieutenant.
  17. Department and Divisional Duties
    1. Engineer Department
      1. The Engineer Department shall connect and disconnect sections of fuel hose from fueling connections to the "Fueling Stations" and shall be in charge of receiving the fuel oil.
      2. Provide, man and send over to Tanker four long lead sound powered telephones, one from ENTERPRISE bridge to Tanker's bridge, one from each fueling station and one from gassing station.-telephones from bridge to be manned by "K" division and telephone from gassing station to be manned by the Air Department.
    2. "E" Division
      1. Provide man and send over gyro repeater with sufficient lead from bridge of ENTERPRISE to the bridge of Tanker. Man forecastle capstan and lifeboat winch.
    3. First Division
      1. Provide, make up and rig tow rope. Man communications as follows: X-1JV Phone outlet forecastle, X-1JV Phone outlet Main Deck frame 110 starboard.
      2. When Tanker comes alongside and orders from the bridge have been received, pass tow line to Tanker by means of rifle line, heaving line, hauling line and messenger. Man tow rope, easing out lines and retrieving lines.
    4. Second Division
      1. Provide, make up and pass breast line. Man communications as follows: X-1JV Phone outlet Main Deck frame 67 starboard.
      2. When ordered by bridge pass breast line to the Tanker by means of the rifle line, heaving line and hauling line. Tend Breast Line.
      3. Pass and man distant line and keep bridge informed of distance between sides of ships.
      4. Station personnel in vicinity of frame 70 for breast line, tending and retrieving same.
      5. Rig two 12" snatch blocks above "Forward Fueling Station" for hauling and bight lines, man boat winch and hauling and bight lines from Tanker. Haul fuel oil hose aboard.
      6. Assist Engineers to connect up fuel oil hose. Clean up deck in vicinity of fueling station.
    5. Third Division
      1. Assist the Engineer Department in connecting up 6 inch fuel hose at fueling connection frame 129 and lead in on hangar deck across No. 2 Elevator and to frame 106 starboard (passageway). Take down hose from stowage. Restow. Clean up deck in vicinity of stowage upon completion of operation.
      2. Rig two 12" snatch blocks above "After Fueling Station" for hauling and bight lines. Man boat winch drum and hauling and bight lines. Haul fuel oil hose aboard. Assist Engineer Department to connect up. Man communications as follows: X-1JV Phone frame 110 starboard.
    6. Fifth Division

      Provide line throwing gun, ammunition and four spindles of rifle line at each of the following locations.

      1. Frame 110 starboard. Report to 1st Division Officer.
      2. Frame 60 starboard. Report to 2nd Division Officer.
      3. Bridge, purpose of getting telephone and gyro repeater across to Tanker.
      4. Report to "E" Division Officer frame 66 starboard to send over sound powered telephones
    7. "R" Division
      1. Provide and rig breeches buoy gear frame 106 main deck starboard. Man forecastle capstan.
    8. Air Department
      1. Man and lower No. 2 Elevator.
      2. Connect up 4" gasoline hose from gasoline connection at frame 55 to gassing station frame 70 starboard. Take down hose from stowage. Restow clean up deck and vicinity of stowage upon completion of operations.
      3. Rig two 12 inch snatch blocks and strap above frame 70 (Gassing Station) for hauling and bight lines from Tanker.
      4. Haul gasoline hose aboard and connect up.
      5. After Tow and Spring lines are secured to Tanker and upon orders from bridge, receive hauling and bight line from Tanker.
      6. Man sound powered telephone to Tanker.
  18. General
    1. The fueling of destroyers at sea is regularly conducted by the broadside method, i. e. the destroyer being towed on the starboard side of the Enterprise.
    2. One destroyer is fueled at a time.
    3. Fueling stations are located at frames No. 90 and No. 128.
    4. One or two hoses will be used depending on the amount of fuel to be delivered and the distribution of fuel in the destroyer. If the destroyer has shifted so that only the forward (bridge) tanks are used, the station at frame No. 90 is rigged.
  19. Preliminary Preparations-Destroyer
    1. Unrig life lines and stanchions on port side of forecastle to provide free leads for tow and spring lines. Unrig life lines and stanchions in way of fuel hoses.
    2. Rig chafing gear on bitts for tow and spring lines. Also over side to prevent chafing of fuel hose.
    3. Rig snatch blocks on starboard side of forecastle for hauling in spring and tow line messengers.
    4. Have jiggers rigged with straps for hauling eyes of spring and tow lines clear when casting off. Provide axes and sharp sheath knives on forecastle and at fueling points.
    5. Provide two (2) heaving lines with heavy monkey fists to be used in hauling down line to gun projectile in case it is shot over fore stay or other high obstruction.
    6. Trim tanks prior to going alongside so that amount to be taken is equally divided between bridge and "D" tanks. If small amount is to be taken, trim so that fuel is taken in bridge tanks.
    7. Inform Enterprise by signal, well in advance of going alongside:
      1. Amount of fuel oil required.
      2. Number of hoses to be used.
      3. Provisions, if any required.
      4. Movie films or other items to be transferred.
    8. If fueling is anticipated before putting to sea, provide destroyers in company with copies of these instructions.
  20. Enterprise-Gear required.
    1. One Tow Line-10" manila.
    2. One Spring Line-8" manila.
    3. Two Fuel Hoses-4" (Forward hose 210 feet, after hose 240 feet).
    4. One provision transfer line-3½ inch manila with traveling gear, coal, bag, etc.
    5. One Distance Line-¾ inch log line. Marked with colored bunting as follows:
      Ship's Sideredyellowgreenyellowred
    6. Red flag over side at frame No. 86 flight deck level to mark position of destroyer bridge when in position.
    7. Six (6) cane fenders at frames No. 63, 83, 100, 128, 150 and 161.
    8. Tow line messenger-30 fathoms of 4" manila.
    9. Tow line hauling line-20 fathoms of 2½" manila.
    10. Spring line messenger (2½") and hauling lines (4").
    11. 4" hauling line and 2½" messenger on each fuel hose.
    12. Sound powered phone with cord to each destroyer bridge.
    13. Two (2) line throwing guns.
    14. Heaving lines, easing out lines, hose saddles, saddle slings, etc.
  21. Special Duties
    1. Captain-Officer in charge of exercise.
    2. Executive Officer-In general charge of operations.
    3. Engineer Officer-In charge of:
      1. Transfer of fuel oil.
      2. Connecting and disconnecting hose.
      3. Communications-fueling circuit.
    4. First Lieutenant-In charge of rigging, running and tending lines and hoses.
    5. Assistant First Lieutenant-Provision transfer line.
    6. Supply Officer-Invoices, transfer papers, etc.
    7. "E" Division Officer-Provide and connect up sound powered telephone for delivery to destroyer.
    8. Ship's Secretary-Man mooring circuit phone on bridge.
    9. Division Officers-Assist in rigging and tending lines and hoses as prescribed herein. Have designated mooring circuits manned.
    10. Ship's Boatswain-Assist First Lieutenant. Take charge of details of preparations.
  22. Communications
    1. Divisions concerned man X-1JV circuits at frames No. 65, 90 and 110 starboard, forecastle and starboard catapult sponson.
    2. Engineering Department man X-3JV circuits within engineering department as necessary including circuit to destroyer.
    3. Air Department rig 5MC on starboard wing of bridge.
  23. First Division Duties
    1. Mans:
      1. Tow line.
      2. Tow line easing out lines.
      3. Tow line stops.
      4. Tow line hauling line.
    2. Fake two (2) 10" manila lines on forecastle clear for running. Lead eye of one (1) out through chock at frame No. 12 starboard and aft outboard of everything to frame No. 86 starboard. Stop up bight to lifeline stanchions. Attach easing out lines as follows:
      NumberLengthFrameDistance from eye
      366 ft.36168 ft.
      2100 ft.6084 ft.
      1120 ft.7036 ft.
    3. Fake hauling end of tow line to starboard capstan and back up on port bitts. Attach hauling line and messenger to tow line eye.
    4. Rig fenders at frames No. 63 and 83.
  24. Second Division Duties
    1. Mans:
      1. Forward fuel hose.
      2. No. 1 and 2 cranes.
      3. Forward hose easing out lines, hauling and heaving lines.
    2. Break out seven (7) lengths of 4" fuel hose with saddles, saddle slings, tackles, messenger, hauling line, easing out lines, 2½" lanyards and heaving lines. Rig from fueling connection at frame No. 90 over saddles or No. 1 crane as directed by Ship's Boatswain.
    3. Rig distance line and attack to bitter end of hose to be sent to destroyer bridge. Secure end at frame No. 86, forecastle deck level.
    4. Rig fenders at frames No. 100 and 128.
    5. Send over forward fuel hose by heaving lines when ordered. When hoses are over, lower or hoist crane hooks as necessary due to yawing (rise and fall) of destroyer -KEEP CONSTANT AND ALERT WATCH. Tend easing out lines for same purpose.
    6. While fueling send over hauling line and messenger in preparation for return of fuel hose.
  25. Third Division Duties
    1. Mans:
      1. After fuel hose.
      2. 8" Spring line.
      3. Spring line easing out lines, hauling line and stops.
    2. Fake down two (2) 8" manila lines on hangar deck-one athwartships at frame No. 106 with lead out through chock at frame No. 110, thence forward to frame No. 70. Stop up bight to lifeline stanchions. Bend 4" messenger to eye-bend on 2½" hauling line and heaving line ready to send over to destroyer.
    3. Breakout eight (8) lengths of 4" fuel hose with saddles, saddle slings, tackles, easing out lines, lanyards, etc., and take to flight deck via No. 2 elevator. Rig saddles, hose, etc., on No. 2 crane for connecting to fuel station at frame No. 128 as directed by Ship's Boatswain.
    4. Rig fenders at frames No. 150 and 161.
    5. When ordered send Spring Line hauling line to destroyer forecastle using line throwing gun. After destroyer is in position and all lines are in place have spring line messenger returned to ENTERPRISE and lead through chock at frame No. 68 in preparation for retrieving spring line when casting off.
    6. During fueling send messenger and hauling line to destroyer for use in recovering after fuel hose.
  26. Fifth Division Duties
    1. Provide and man two (2) line throwing guns-one each at frames No. 70 and 86 starboard side on main deck.
  27. "E" Division Duties
    1. Man anchor windlass machinery.
    2. Provide and connect up sound powered telephone with sufficient cord to reach destroyer bridge.
  28. "R" Division Duties
    1. Man anchor windlass stations.
    2. Chief side cleaner with side cleaners rig and man provision transfer gear.
    3. Boatswain's locker break out and issue gear. Rig lead blocks on No. 1 and 2 cranes, and easing out lines on forward and after hoses.
    4. Provision Transfer Bill


      1. One (1) Traveling Span Line, 3½" manila-35 fathoms.
      2. One (1) Coal Bag.
      3. One (1) 10" block, upset shackle (Traveller).
      4. One (1) 10" block, (lead block).
      5. Two (2) Hauling lines, 2¼" manila-35 fathoms.
      6. One (1) Heaving line.
    5. Shackle lead block (d) to overhead at frame No. 106 starboard side. Rig all gear ready to send to destroyer after fueling starts and when ordered.
    6. Send telephone to destroyer as soon as rigged.
    7. Instructions for rigging travelling span line are sent over with heaving line.
  29. Fueling Procedure
    1. When ENTERPRISE shows AFIRM at the dip the destroyer takes station about 300 yards astern and slightly on starboard quarter.
    2. ENTERPRISE steams on base course at 7 or 8 knots (signals course and speed to destroyer).
    3. When ready ENTERPRISE two blocks AFIRM as a signal to start exercise. The destroyer then makes approach at a speed about 3 knots greater than that of ENTERPRISE so as to arrive abreast about 65 feet off.
    4. As destroyer bow approaches frame 106 send over tow line messenger using line throwing gun. Tow line is placed on after forecastle bits. Tow line is to pass directly to bits and not through chock. When tow line is secured destroyer slack speed gradually and rides to tow line which is adjusted if necessary by ENTERPRISE. Speed differential should be about ½ knot. Tend tow line carefully. Destroyer should tow with about 60 feet between ships (green rag on distance line indicates 60 feet).
    5. When tow line is secured and destroyer is in position send over forward and after fuel hoses, followed by provision transfer line with telephone.
    6. During fueling crane operators, and men on easing out lines must be ALERT to adjust slack in hoses as the destroyer yaws or rises and falls with the seas. Hauling lines on hoses, tow and spring lines are bent on and returned to ENTERPRISE ready for casting off.
    7. The ENTERPRISE fueling stations are approximately abreast of the fueling points on the destroyer. Orders for pumping, handling of valves, etc., are given directly to the destroyer by telephone.
    8. Orders or messages from ship to ship regarding maneuvering, lines, status of fueling, etc., are transmitted by phone. The Commanding Officer will be kept constantly informed of all matters. If phone connection fails megaphones or 5MC will be used.
  30. Casting Off
    1. When finished fueling casting off will be executed in the following order:
      1. First fuel hose.
      2. Second fuel hose.
      3. Distance line.
      4. Telephone (via coal bag).
      5. Provision transfer line.
      6. Spring line.
      7. Tow line.
    2. Hoses are hauled aboard smartly to preventing drifting aft.
    3. When destroyer reports "Ready to cast off," the spring line is slacked and destroyer casts it off. It must be recovered quickly to prevent fouling propellers by drifting aft.
    4. Destroyer then signals "Cast Off Tow Line." ENTERPRISE slacks tow line which is cast off by destroyer. Destroyer should not increase speed until tow line is clear. Recover tow line smartly.
    5. Re-rig all gear in preparation for next destroyer.

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