101 Carrier Planes Herald Navy Day
Roar Above Cheering City in Formation After Winging From Their Ships, Due Today
NEW YORK, Oct. 17 - A flight of 101 Navy fighter
planes and torpedo bombers drummed thunderously above the city's skyscrapers yesterday
afternoon to herald the arrival, at dawn today, of the first ten fighting ships to make New
York Harbor for Presidential review on Navy Day, Oct. 27.
The planes took off from the carriers Enterprise, Monterey and Bataan somewhere
far at sea, as those vessels plowed the waves on their way to Ambrose Light, escorted by the
heavy cruiser Portland and six destroyers. The flotilla is due off Ambrose shortly after 4 A. M.,
off the Battery at 6 A. M.
Forty-four of the planes roared from the flight deck of "The Old Lady,"
as the Enterprise is affectionately known. Thirty soared from the Bataan's flat top, and
twenty-seven from the Monterey. There were in all sixty-nine fighters and thirty-two torpedo
Downtown Manhattan saw and heard the naval air armada first. One sharp, clear-cut
V-formation led the way. On its flank scores of outriders rose and fell, like surf-borne craft.
Office windows flew open and thousands stopped in Manhattan's canyons to stare aloft and cheer.
The fighters and torpedo bombers cut across the city, high but easily visible
in the bright sunlight, headed for the Naval Air Station at Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn,
where they settled on the runways, with the salt of Tokyo Bay still on their wings.
Of the ten ships due today, Third Naval District officials said, probably only
a few will be ready to receive visitors tomorrow. Each ship commander will decide when his
vessel is ready. It is likely that visitors will be able to get aboard all ten vessels by
Only one of the fifty fighting ships scheduled to take part in the Presidential
review will not go to a city pier. The 45,000-ton super-carrier Midway, when she gets here, will
drop anchor off Ninety-first Street in the North River and will be held by mooring buoys.
The Navy Day mooring schedule calls for all the larger men-of-war to leave
their assigned piers on Oct. 25 and 26 for their review positions. The submarine tender Gilmore
will be first to take her place in line at 7:30 A. M. on Oct. 25. The heavy cruiser Macon, last
to swing into line, will leave her pier at 4:30 P. M. on Oct. 26. All but the Midway will return
to their piers for public visiting after the review.
The review line in the North River will reach from Sixtieth Street to Spuyten
Duyvil Creek, above Baker Field. The hub of Navy activity will be the yacht basin at Seventy-ninth
Street and Riverside Drive. The battleship Missouri, on which the Japanese surrender was accepted
in Tokyo Bay, will be moored there.
Review to Start at 3:30
President Truman will leave the Missouri at 3:30 P. M. on Navy Day, board a
destroyer and begin his two-hour inspection of the fleet amid salvos of twenty-one gun salutes.
The heavy cruiser Macon will be off Sixtieth Street, the heavy cruiser Columbus
off Sixty-sixth Street, the battleship New York off Seventy-second Street.
Off Eighty-fifth Street will float the carrier Enterprise, the Navy's chief
pride; off Ninety-first Street the super-carrier Midway, sister ship of the USS Franklin D.
Roosevelt, which the President will commission at the Navy Yard in Brooklyn a few hours before
The heavy cruiser Augusta that bore the President to and from the Potsdam
Conference, and on which the Atlantic Charter was signed, will ride off Ninety-eighth Street.
The light cruiser Boise, dubbed "The one-ship task force," will be at 103d Street.
The New York City Defense Recreation Committee has prepared an ambitious
entertainment program for the men of the incoming battle fleet. The first listing is a free
dance for enlisted men at Arcadia Ballroom, Broadway and Fifty-third Street. Mrs. Julius Ochs
Alder, co-chairman of the welfare and hospitality committee, said close to 300 volunteer
workers would turn to during Navy Week.
Save Her or Sink Her
NEW YORK, Oct. 16 - There is hardly a mile of
the Pacific that has not felt the cut of her sharp prow. There was hardly a month of that long
war against Japan that she was not at sea seeking out the enemy. Her eighteen combat stars
are more than any other ship of the Pacific fleet can wear. On her battered smokestack she could
mount fifteen wound stripes, for she was hurt that many times by enemy action. So fearsome was
her reputation in Japan that on no fewer than six occasions the Japanese people were told by
government propagandists that she had been destroyed.
From the Marshalls and Gilberts in January, 1942, to Okinawa in May of 1945, she
participated in every major engagement in the Pacific except the Coral Sea, and she was on the
fringe of that. At one time in the Battle for the Solomons she was the only operating carrier
in the Pacific. Off her battered and blood-stained decks have flown some of the Navy's finest
fliers. At various times she has been the flagship of three of our best-known air admirals,
Halsey, Mitscher and Sherman, who now is bringing her to New York for Navy Day.
And now they talk of scrapping her or retiring her to some secluded anchorage
as one of the fleet reserve. We hope that Secretary Forrestal will carry out instead the
suggestion he made on Aug. 27, when he said he thought she might be kept as a museum piece,
such as the Constitution and the Constellation. If that is not done, then take her out to sea
and practice on her with an atomic bomb. Let her death agony signalize the coming of the atomic
age at sea. But let not the harpies of the shore pluck now this eagle of the sea, as Oliver
Wendell Holmes said in 1830 of the old Constitution when she was rotting at a Navy dock. The
aircraft carrier Enterprise deserves a better fate than that.
'Big E' Enters New York Harbor With the Silence of a Ghost
NEW YORK, Oct. 17 (UP) - The "Big E"
came home from the wars today. The U.S.S. Enterprise, embattled queen of American aircraft
carriers, ghosted through the fog into New York harbor shortly after dawn with nine other
warships from the Pacific fleet.
A sailor stood in the mists at the Battery, and he said: "Well, there
she is, boys. There's the old Big E."
The "Big E" nudged slowly through the strange, fresh waters of the
Hudson River. A Navy blimp sailed down close to her. The carrier's tiny aldis lamps flickered
messages to the speeding patrol craft around her, as if to say: "Take it easy, mates.
This is my show. This is what I came home for."
PT Boats Give "Go Ahead"
The tiny PT boats flickered back: "Go ahead, Big E. Take over."
Because the ship never lived, big or little, that could steal much thunder
from the famous "Old Lady."
The 10,000-ton aircraft carrier, Monterey, led the way. The Enterprise rode in
second place, with eight other ships trailing along behind her.
The Monterey flew a giant American flag and a string of eight small balloons
flapped from her masthead.
Sailors gathered along the Battery waved when they saw the Monterey pass. They
shouted at the men standing on her flight deck. They laughed and talked about her among
With Ghosts Aboard
But they only stared quietly at the "Big E." For the big carrier was
coming home with a record too obvious for flattery, and she sailed with too many ghosts aboard
to cause reckless cheering. The seamen squinted through the haze and perhaps they remembered
shipmates left at Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, or lost in the bloody hours off the Santa
The "Big E" came back to New York with no shouting or bragging. She
flew no flag, and only her radar screen stood
out in sharp relief behind her superstructure.
There was no cheering from the men who lined her decks. The 20,000-ton carrier
had chased the war for more than 275,000 miles and perhaps her crewmen were too tired to get
The "Old Lady" passed within a few hundred yards of the Statue of
Liberty. Many of the Enterprise's crew moved over to the port rail, their caps in hand, but
still there was no cheering.
Remember Butch O'Hare?
Perhaps they remembered others who couldn't come today. Shipmates like Lt.
Comdr. Edward H. (Butch) O'Hare, Congressional Medal of Honor winner, who had disappeared in
his plane one night above the carrier in the far reaches of the Pacific.
The old Enterprise could afford to come into harbor quietly, letting a tug
push her around. She had a record that could shout for itself.
Her planes and guns shot down 911 Japanese planes, her fliers sank 71 ships.
They damaged or probably sank another 192.
The Navy calls her the "fightingest carrier in the fleet" and she
wears 18 of a possible 22 Pacific theater battle stars.
The Enterprise was the first carrier to win a Presidential Citation, which was just the same as
having a medal pinned on her bridge.
Covered Doolittle Raiders
She was the only carrier to send planes into the fight at Pearl Harbor and to
stick it out until the desperate days around Okinawa. She covered the carrier Hornet when
Jimmy Doolittle led his B-25s over Tokyo.
She was in there fighting when the Hornet died beside her on October 26, 1942,
in the murderous fighting off Santa Cruz.
The "Big E" was wounded 16 times during the war, but she never struck
her flag nor asked for quarter.
So Adm. Frederick C. Sherman brought the famous "work-horse" into the
big town quietly today. The "Big E" maintained her dignity. She was no youngster to
run around beating her chest and bragging.
The Enterprise, Monterey, and five destroyers - the Foote, Young, Zellars, Aulick
and Douglas H. Fox - will remain in New York for the Navy Day celebrations on October 27. They
probably will be open to visitors tomorrow, the 3rd Naval District reported."
"Big E" Steals Show
The other three vessels, the 10,000-ton carrier Bataan, the heavy cruiser
Portland and the destroyer Sterett will leave New York shortly for Navy Day appearances in
But the "Big E" stole the show today. Adm. Halsey didn't call her
the "galloping ghost of the Oahu coast" for nothing.
Early in the war she made the first attack on enemy territory, raiding the
Japanese-held Gilberts and Marshalls. During that first year she was in every Pacific
engagement except the battle of the Coral Sea.
In the battle of Midway she sank the large enemy carriers Kaga and Akagi, and
a Mogami-class cruiser. She helped to sink the carrier Soryu and damaged a battleship.
The "Big E" provided vital air cover in the battle of the Solomons
and she helped to crush Japanese transports attempting to reinforce the beleaguered enemy
Part of Task Force 58
The "Old Lady's" planes were the first to go up to meet enemy bombers
at night. O'Hare, one of the planners of the night plane tactics, was lost on November 26, 1943,
in the first fight.
The Enterprise participated in the invasions of the Marshalls, Hollandia, the
Marianas, and joined in the devastating strikes of Task Force 58.
It was the "Big E's" planes in the battle of the Philippine sea that
spotted the Japanese fleet when it appeared to have slipped away. Her pilots hung above the
enemy, their fuel almost exhausted, until the attack was renewed.
In the first five months of 1945 she launched more than 1,000 target sorties.
The "Old Lady" covered the Luzon invasion, made sweeps against French Indo-China,
Hong Kong, the China coast, Canton, Formosa and Okinawa. She made two carrier strikes against
Tokyo and the inland sea, and provided air support for the Iwo Jima and Okinawa landings.